How to Make the Main Spin in Billiards

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There are three types of main or height spin:

  • Stop shot
  • Follow shot or forward spin or top spin
  • Draw shot or backspin

If you look at the image, in the vertical plane where it says “High” and “Low”, these are the main or height spin effects.

The closer to the center of the cue ball, the less spin you will give to the ball.

In this training ball it shows you the numbers from 1 to 5 to give less or more spin to the ball.

This training ball is called Jim Rempe and you can buy it on Amazon.

Billiard table names

It is important to know the names or terms of each element inside the billiard table to have a basic knowledge when you go to the billiard table to play.

The numbers shown are the pocket numbers, so you can tell in which pocket each ball will go.

Where the cue ball is located is called the service, head or kitchen area.

Stop shot

Imagine that you divide the cue ball into four quadrants.

These effects are on the center line, top, center and bottom.

The stop shot or full ball is when you hit the cue ball in the center of the ball.

When you hit the object ball it remains still, without movement.

The cue must always be parallel to the table.

Stop shot exercise

You must hit in the center and a little down if the object ball is a little far away as is the case in the image above.

If you want to make the stop by hitting in the center of the cue ball, the object ball must be one finger away or maybe less.

Why hit in the center and a little bit down to make the stop shot?

Because the cue ball enters the backward sliding state and before hitting the object ball, the cue ball starts the stop state and it is at that moment when the object ball is hit that the cue ball stops completely, making the mentioned effect.

Looking at the picture above again, the cue ball starts at (1) and the object ball at (A), when we hit in the center and a little bit down, the cue ball will slide and stop dead at (2).

The object ball will leave on the same shooting line (B), reaching the rail and coming back.

Follow shot

Occurs when you hit the cue ball over the center.

It makes a forward rotating motion.

When you hit the object ball it continues to move forward.

The cue must be parallel to the table.

Follow shot exercise

Look at the image.

We start at (1) and the object ball at (A).

Now if we hit in the center above the cue ball, the cue ball slides forward (1 and 2), until it hits the object ball (A) and the cue ball continues forward (3).

The object ball makes the normal travel on the same line of shot (B and C).

Draw shot

Occurs when you hit below the center.

With this stroke it makes the cue ball slide forward but with backward rotation and when the cue ball hits the object ball at once it starts to rotate backward.

The cue has to be parallel to the table.

Draw shot exercise

Look at the image.

We start at (1) and the object ball at (A).

Now if we hit the cue ball down the center of the cue ball, it slides forward with backward rotation (1 and 2), until it hits the object ball (A) and the cue ball once it hits the object ball slides backward (3).

The object ball makes the normal travel on the same shooting line (B).

Important

Occurs when you hit below the center.

With this stroke you make the cue ball slide forward but with backward rotation and when the cue ball hits the object ball at once it starts to rotate backwards.

The cue has to be parallel to the table.

Sliding

In this video you will see exactly the kind of movement the cue ball makes before hitting a target ball.

This way you will understand how to execute any shot with spin.

Exercises

In order for you to learn how to control the main spin, you have to do the following exercises.

You can also follow the exercises in this video:

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